Research themes

The positions are organized in 5 research themes.

Research theme 1: Greenhouse gas sources and sinks
Increasing greenhouse gas concentration are the cause of climate change and their sinks and sources are not well constrained and changing because of climate change

Research theme 2: Land-ocean transfer
IPCC carbon budgets focus on atmosphere-land and atmosphere-ocean exchange and largely ignore land-ocean exchanges. This theme comprises project to close that gap.

Research theme 3: Ocean carbonate system dynamics
About 25% of the anthropogenic carbon ends up in the ocean, with the consequences that is uptake capacity is declining. This theme aims to further our capabilities to quantify this

Research theme 4: Climate dynamics
Understanding climate dynamics requires integration across temporal scales. This theme aims to link geological and historical record with mechanistic climate dynamic modelling

Research theme 5: Tipping points and early warning
Small and gradual changes in forcing can cause abrupt changes. This theme aims to identify, predict and understand tipping points


None of the projects have any potential ethical aspects associated with them. The obligatory secondments (internships) for each project, that can take place either in- or outside the Netherlands, could involve visits outside the EU, so called third countries. The project leaders will ensure that those research activities do not raise any ethical concerns and that the ethical standard and guidelines of Horizon2020 will be applied, regardless of the country in which the research is carried out. Possible research activities in third countries are low-risk. NESSC research does not involve any activities that are forbidden in any of the EU countries, nor does it make use of local resources, such as plant or animal materials, genetic materials, materials of historical value or traditional knowledge. Research in third countries will not put any of the researchers involved at risk. Supervisors will ensure that proper insurances are in place for travel by any project member.


NESSC is a so-called Gravitation Program, funded by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW). The programme has received further funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie, grant agreement No 847504.